Did Adam and Eve receive the New Covenant experience after they fell? The New Covenant in its simplicity is simply God putting His Spirit in you causing you to fulfill His Law of Love. Adam and Eve would have been created this way and thus Love would have been natural to them but what about after they sinned?
Gen 3:6-13 And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.7 And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons.8 And they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God amongst the trees of the garden.9 And the Lord God called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where art thou?10 And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself.11 And he said, Who told thee that thou wast naked? Hast thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest not eat?12 And the man said, The woman whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat.13 And the Lord God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat.
In the above passage notice what happened to Adam and Eve after they had sinned. They saw that they were naked and thus felt shame, they were afraid and hid themselves, and they did not confess their wrong when God questioned them but rather cast blame to another. In disobeying God something had evidently happened that changed them so that they were no longer in harmony with the Law of God as all their actions were sinful. What was their problem?
Rom 8:6-14 For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace.7 Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.8 So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God.
We can clearly see from this passage that Adam and Eve had become carnally minded as they lost the Spirit of God and thus were no longer spiritually minded. They were now of the same nature as Satan and at enmity with God.
Sons of God
Adam and Eve were no longer sons but rather slaves to sin. In order to be “sons” again they needed to regain the Spirit. Whoever is led by the Spirit of God is a son of God. In Romans 8:14 we see:
“For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God.”
In Gal 4 we see that receiving the Spirit changes a person from a slave to a son.
“And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.7 Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ.”
Before receiving this Spirit we can only be slaves (servants) to sin, and thus we cannot be “sons” without the Spirit. Jesus said in John 8:31-39:
“Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him, If ye continue in my word, then are ye my disciples indeed;32 And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.33 They answered him, We be Abraham's seed, and were never in bondage to any man: how sayest thou, Ye shall be made free?34 Jesus answered them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever committeth sin is the servant of sin.35 And the servant abideth not in the house for ever: but the Son abideth ever.” 36 If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall be free indeed.37 I know that ye are Abraham's seed; but ye seek to kill me, because my word hath no place in you.38 I speak that which I have seen with my Father: and ye do that which ye have seen with your father.39 They answered and said unto him, Abraham is our father. Jesus saith unto them, If ye were Abraham's children, ye would do the works of Abraham.
If these Jews had believed God’s word the Spirit would have abided in them and they would have been true children of Abraham. Abraham was a true son because he believed and was set free. These Jews were under bondage but the true children of Abraham are free due to faith in Christ before and after the cross.
In Luke 3:38 we see:
“Which was the son of Enos, which was the son of Seth, which was the son of Adam, which was the son of God.”
The question is this: When Adam had lost the Spirit of God did he get it back in order to regain his sonship? Some like the Jehovah Witnesses would say that Adam was forever lost but I believe this verse above shows us that God must have done something in order to make Adam a “son of God” once again. Somehow Adam must have received the Spirit of God, that is, been born again, in order to become a son once again. We need to see more evidence to prove Adam regained sonship after he fell. In Gen chapters 4 and 5 we see the lineage of Cain and Seth. In Gen 6 we see:
“And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them,2 That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose.3 And the Lord said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years.4 There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.”
Here we see that in the days of Noah there were “sons of God” in the earth, which according to scripture are those who are led by the “Spirit”. Please note I will not be going into the evangelical and Jehovah Witnesses idea that these “sons of God” were angels. This interpretation comes about when the new birth and thus sonship is denied before Christ came. It is a deception meant to put those before Christ under the works of the Law rather than the New Covenant. Now obviously these sons corrupted themselves with the daughters of men and became evil just as Adam and Eve had become evil at the fall which means they ceased to be sons of God. The point of this is to simply show that Adam must have been “born again” in order for him to have taught his children the ways of God so that they could have the Spirit. If he wasn’t born again he would have remained at enmity with God and there is no way for any of his offspring to have then received the Spirit as Adam and Eve were the only humans they could learn from for a while.
Born of the Spirit/Born of God
We see the truth of flesh and Spirit in John 3 when Jesus says:
“Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.6 That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.”
Notice also what John says here;
1 John 3:9-12 Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him: and he cannot sin, because he is born of God.10 In this the children of God are manifest, and the children of the devil: whosoever doeth not righteousness is not of God, neither he that loveth not his brother.11 For this is the message that ye heard from the beginning, that we should love one another.12 Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him? Because his own works were evil, and his brother's righteous.
In the above we see that Cain was born of Satan’s seed while Abel was born of God’s seed which is Christ. In verse 7 John says “Little children, let no man deceive you: he that doeth righteousness is righteous, even as he is righteous.” By this we know that Abel was a righteous man as he was born of God. The only way any person can cease from sin is to be born of God. This is not something that became available to mankind after the cross as we see this same principle in Psalms 119:1-3
“Blessed are the undefiled in the way, who walk in the law of the Lord.2 Blessed are they that keep his testimonies, and that seek him with the whole heart.3 They also do no iniquity: they walk in his ways.”
Those who fulfill the above are “blessed”, not because they do this, but because they were already blessed resulting in Law keeping. This is the promise Abraham received which is the New Covenant of righteousness by faith. This happens when a person believes the word of God. We see this in 1 Peter 1:23: “Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever.” A person who has been born by the word of God is the same as being born of the Spirit. Jesus said: “It is the Spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are Spirit, and they are life.” (John 6:63)
Adam and Eve’s New Birth
Now the question is how did Adam go from his state of being at enmity with God to being born of the Spirit? You may remember that God had told him that in the day that he ate of the tree of knowledge of good and evil he would surely die. After Adam and Eve had eaten the forbidden fruit they experienced the results of sin suffering spiritual death but were still physically alive. It is evident that when they heard Christ walking in the garden they hid themselves because of fear as it is probable they thought the executioner was coming to carry out what they had been told would happen in the day they ate of the forbidden fruit. Now let’s look to see what was said to them:
Gen 3:15 “And I will put enmity between thee (Satan) and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.”
Now we see that God had done something for Adam and Eve when the scripture says:
Gen 3:21 “Unto Adam also and to his wife did the Lord God make coats of skins, and clothed them.”
Scripture says also that Christ is the “Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.”(Rev 13:8) To me it seems evident that instead of the executioner coming to kill Adam and Eve He rather showed them that they had actually executed Him. Put yourself in their place in that situation and think about how this would affect your mind. Christ showed them that He would take their place of punishment in dying for them. The Bible says:
Romans 2:4 Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance?
1 John 4:9-10 In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him.10 Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins.
When Adam and Eve had seen the goodness of God in allowing His Son to die in their place rather than coming to execute them they saw the goodness and Love of God which allowed them to receive repentance due to their broken heart which was evidence that they believed God. By believing the word of God they were now spiritually minded again, being born again of the Holy Spirit, which gave them the righteousness of Christ through believing what Christ had told them in being their substitute. They had become sons of God once again and were no longer slaves to sin.
Flesh persecutes the Spirit
The righteousness of Christ in Adam and Eve constituted the first church and thus put enmity between Satan’s seed and the woman’s seed. This was played out when Cain killed Abel because Abel was born again of the Holy Spirit. If they had not been given the Spirit they would have continued to be in harmony with Satan as they would be followers of his kingdom which he usurped from them. They would have walked in their carnal nature just as Satan does. In this next passage we can see how the case of Cain and Abel played out spiritually:
Gal 5:16-26 This I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the flesh.17 For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so that ye cannot do the things that ye would.
Cain was walking after the flesh and thus killed his righteous brother as his brother was led by the Spirit. The Spirit and flesh are contrary to one another which again show that when God put enmity between Satan’s seed and the woman’s seed He was giving His Spirit to Adam and Eve. Evidently Abel lived by faith and Cain did not, thus Cain was of Satan’s seed while Abel was born of God. We also see this in Gal 4 when Paul says:
“Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are the children of promise. 29 But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, even so it is now.”
Isaac was under the New Covenant experience just as Paul was as he lived by faith. Below we see that Abel also lived by faith:
Heb 11:4-7 “By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts: and by it he being dead yet speaketh.
“The covenant of grace was first made with man in Eden. . . . This same covenant was renewed to Abraham. . . . This pro-mise pointed to Christ. So Abraham understood it (see Galatians 3:8, 16), and he trusted in Christ for the forgiveness of sins. It was this faith that was accounted unto him for righteousness. The covenant with Abraham also maintained the authority of God’s law. . . .” ( E. G. White, Patriarchs and Prophets, pp. 370)
This concludes this study in showing that humanity from the very beginning has been under the New Covenant if they believed the incorruptible word of God receiving the Spirit of God in their hearts.