Being once a rising non-Trinitarian, I have made some notes regarding how the Holy Spirit is being presented to us in the Bible. Now I wanted to make a share. It's just a list of some biblical facts, note however, that on some points I have put biblical texts, which seem to not support those points and which can be discussed upon.
So, as far as I have learned on the Holy Spirit:
- nobody in the Bible addresses Him in prayer,
- no one worships Him, at least not directly,
- no biblical character (including Father and Son) declares love for Him,
- He doesn't Himself express love (but He has the love of God, with which He invests the faithful) - Rom. 15:30,
- no one has a communion with Him (but communion in Him only) - Phl. 2:1, 2 Cor. 13:14,
- He never speaks to a man in a way, that he can literally hear Him (He only speaks in spirit, by inspiration) - Acts 13:2,
- He never speaks of Himself (but only on behalf of God Himself and His Son) - Acts 13:2, 15:28,
- He is not declared to have life in Himself (He exists, because God Himself exists),
- no one ever calls Him God explicitly - Acts 5:3-4, 1 Cor. 6:19-20,
- no one ever describes Him, neither He ever describes Himself, with the name Yahve (or "I am").
As I have wrote, the above texts are many times used in support of a Holy Spirit being an ontologically independent personal Being, in the same sense, as God the Father and His Son are, especially Acts 5:3-4. But what we learn from this text, is not the Holy Spirit of God being a third divine Being in One God, but a spiritual representative of Him. When someone grieves the Holy Spirit, he respectively grieves God Himself, Who owns His Spirit.
One more concern. It seems to me, that the professed Trinitarians are in great danger of being unintentionally involved in... pantheism, or panentheism more accurately. This is so, because Adventist Trinitarianism doesn't seem to have a fully established theology regarding the Holy Spirit's omnipresence. While most Advenists believe, that He is a Person of His own (or even a personal Being of His own), there is no clear theology regarding His omnipresence. As non-Trinitarians, we believe that God and Christ are not omnipresent by Themselves, but by Their Spirit. Therefore it is Them, Who are spiritually living in Their faithful. And therefore, if some Trinitarians may acknowledge the Holy Spirit as being His own Person, it is no longer Father and Son, who are living in a man, but the Holy Spirit Himself personally. More to that, if the Holy Spirit is taken to a level of an omnipresent Being (not just Person), then it is the Being, who literally lives in another being. Even more, Trinitarians do not find it biblically difficult to address the Holy Spirit in prayer. As for me, this may sound like praying to the God, who is literally living within us. Doesn't this sound akin to the so-called introspective prayer, which is part of the spiritual formation? What are your thoughts on this?
Any thoughts are welcomed. Best regards and blessings to all!